Neogomesia agavoides Castaneda, (1941) Cact. Succ. Jour. 13: 98
Transferred to Ariocarpus by Anderson in 1962.
Ariocarpus agavoides (Castenada) Anderson, (1962) Amer. J. Bot. 49: 615
Plant greenish-brown, rising barely above ground level, sub-globose, flattened on top, 2-6cm high, 4-8cm in diam.; tubercles divergent, often flaccid and not erect, not crowded or basally compressed, acute at the apices, flattened adaxially, not fissured, not strongly incurved, 3-7cm long, 5-10mm broad, more than 4 times as long as wide; areoles 5-12mm from the tips of the tubercles, rounded, 2-5 mm in diam.; spines none or rarely 2, 2-4mm long, whitish; flowers 3.5-4.2cm in diam., 2-5cm long; outer perianth segments magenta with greenish-white margins,15-20mm long, 4-5.5mm broad, slightly mucronate, margins smooth; inner penanth parts deep magenta, 20-25mm long, 5-10mm broad; pistil exserted 2-3mm above the stamens; style white. 1-2cm long; stigmas 5-8, 1-2.5mm long; fruit pinkish-red to reddishpurple, globose to elongate, 10-20mm long, 5-12mm in diam.
Ariocarpus agavoides is one of the smallest species of the genus. Discovered in 1941, this species was named originally for Marte Gomez, a Governor of Tamaulipas. The plants are very difficult to find in habitat when not in flower, and the plant was for many years after its discovery virtually unknown in cultivation, it is now readily available as seed raised or grafted plants, and whilst usually solitary in the wild it will eventually cluster in the more luxurious conditions offered in cultivation.
Ariocarpus agavoides is one of the easiest species to flower in cultivation. In the UK it has been flowered at only 3 months old grafted on Pereskiopsis, and at 20 months on its own roots under artificial lighting.
A full listing of all associated Field Numbers can be found here
Anderson, E. F. 1963. A study of the proposed genus Neogomesia. Cactus and Succulent Journal of America 35(5):138-145.
Marcelino Castañeda (1873/4 to 1960) - a brief personal profile.
Fitz Maurice, W A , and B. Fitz Maurice. 1999. Fieldnotes - New Locations for Ariocarpus agavoides. Cact. Succ. J. (U S) 71 271-272.
Marshall, William T. 1947. Neogomesia Castaneda genus nova. The Cactus and Succulent Journal of Great Britain. Vol. 9(2):29.
Sotomayor M., Arredondo A. and Martinez M. 2000 Neue Fundorte von Ariocarpus agavoides. Kakt. und and. Sukk.51 (5), 113-118
Weightman W. 2002 A Half Hour Stroll to See Ariocarpus agavoides. B.C.S.S. Journal Vol 20 (2) 76-79
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